Overview of Manuka honey

What is Manuka honeyOne might often question, “what is honey”, and “what is Manuka honey“. Manuka honey is produced in parts of Australia and New Zealand from the nectar of Leptospermum polyglaifolium and Leptospermum scoparium.

To be branded as Manuka honey, the honey should have at least 70% Manuka pollen count. Manuka honey has a strong flavor, and is typically dark in color.

Manuka honey, due to its non-hydrogen peroxide based antibacterial content, is believed to have antibacterial properties. But this is only 10% percent of all Manuka honey. This type of Manuka honey is called NPA (Non-Peroxide Activity) Manuka honey.

An absolute mono-floral honey maybe ideal to achieve, but they are relatively pure because of the phenomenal nectar production of a particular species, e.g. citrus cultivations such as orange. Beekeepers know about the main nectar sources of the region, or plan their harvests accordingly so that the honeybees can collect only from those flowers.

Manuka honey is kept and labeled separately, so as to be tagged with a premium content.


Manuka Honey OMA (Organic Manuka Active) : These are Organic quality products, usually unpasteurized and raw, to bring the full benefits of the natural nutrient-rich vitamins and minerals and live enzymes. This is unadulterated Manuka honey. It does not require preservatives or to be stored in refrigeration.

Manuka Honey UMF (Unique Manuka Factor): It is a factor that ranks its position in terms of antibacterial potency. The high antibacterial property of UMF enables it to be used in special therapeutic uses, including wound dressing. UMF is a property derived from phytochemicals originating from the nectar of the flower; whereas hydrogen peroxide comes from an enzyme added by the honeybee.

The UMF rating that measures the antibacterial strength are as follows:

  • 16+:     Superior level, very good quality, high in antibacterial property.
  • 10-15:  Useful in terms of antibacterial property.
  • 5-9:      Nice as table honey, but not meant for special therapeutic use
  • 0-4:      Antibacterial property not detectable

Manuka Honey MGO: MGO stands for “methylglyoxal” that gives it unique health-giving properties.  The certification of MGO gives a guarantee to the consumer of getting the best quality manuka honey. Manuka honey 100+ is the minimum methylglyoxal, which is equivalent to Manuka honey UMF10, which has the contents required to help kill many of the major bacterium.

According to Thomas Henle, a German researcher and professor, methylglyoxal or MGO can be seen in high concentration in manuka honey. This is an antiseptic compound which results in the non-peroxide activity (NPA).

The levels of Methylglyoxal or MGO range from 100-700 mg/kg. For example, manuka honey labeled 100 contains at least 100 mg/kg of dietary Methylglyoxal. It could be beneficial in many symptoms of coughs and cold symptoms, sore throats, flu and sinus infections, fever blisters, canker sores, esophagitis, acid reflux, GERD or heartburn, upset stomach, peptic ulcer, diverticulitis, gastritis, IBS, or External Sores.


Different products are made with Manuka honey, like bar soap, lozenges, sanitizing gel, liquid hand soaps, bath salt, antiseptic spray, anti-wrinkle cream, anti-fungal cream, anti itch cream, acne creams and first-aid antiseptic lotions.


People have used honey to treat wounds for a long time, until the discovery of antibiotics. Active Manuka Honey UMF 16+has been used to treat burns, skin ulcers, varicose ulcers, and cuts and wound. It has also been used to treat eye infection, when mixed with a sterile saline solution. Active Manuka honey 16 + can speed up the healing process, reduce scarring and nourish the tissues.

Shop for 100% pure Manuka honey

Read the reviews, some maybe great and some not so great. Manuka honey is provided by several different companies. Each have their own reviews. My personal favorite is Wedderspoon Manuka honey. Although, I have not tried them all, once I find something I like, I tend to stick with it.

Here is the link to the reviews for Wedderspoon Manuka honey (almost 200 reviews): Click here to see what people are really saying!!!

Related articles:

4 Different Types of Honey

The natural skin treatment: Manuka honey

Warning: Before you buy, read “What is Manuka honey”!!!